Author Details :
Volume : 8, Issue : 3, Year : 2021
Article Page : 364-368
Background: Oral cancer is one of a major health problem in some parts of the world especially in the developing countries. Oral cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the world whereas in India it is one of the most prevalent cancer. Oral cavity lesions are usually asymptomatic. Accurate diagnosis of the lesion is the first step for the proper management of patients and histopathology is considered as the gold standard.
Aims: The objective is to study the different patterns of oral cavity lesions seen in a tertiary care hospital of Jammu
Study Design : One year retrospective study.
Setting: Post graduate department of pathology.
Materials and Methods: It was a retrospective study carried out in a tertiary care centre for a period of one year from March 2020 to Feb 2021. 148 cases of oral cavity lesions were included in this study. The parameters that were included in the study were sociodemographic data, site of the lesion, clinical features and histological diagnosis. Data collected was analysed.
Results: 148 cases of oral lesions were identified during the period of study. The age of patients varied from 5 to 78years and Male to Female ratio was 2.2:1. Buccal mucosa (30%) was the most common site involved which was followed by tonsil (19%). Out of 148 cases 70 cases were malignant, 10 cases pre malignant and 21 cases were benign. Squamous cell carcinoma (33.7%) was the most common lesion present in our study.
Conclusions: Oral cavity lesions have a vast spectrum of diseases which range from tumour like lesions to benign and malignant tumours. Our study concluded that squamous cell carcinoma was the most common malignant lesion of oral cavity. Histological typing of the lesion is important for confirmation of malignancy and it is essential for the proper management of the patient.
Keywords: Buccal mucosa, Keratosis, Oral cancer, Squamous cell carcinoma.
How to cite : Gupta I, Rani R, Suri J, Histopathological spectrum of oral cavity lesions – A tertiary care experience. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2021;8(3):364-368
Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)
Received : 20-04-2021
Accepted : 29-04-2021
Available online : 12-08-2021
PDF Downloaded: 72