Alopecia and neurocognitive dysfunction in Glioblastoma multiforme patients- Prevention feasibillity by dosimetric analysis in conformal radiotherapy techniques


Original Article

Author Details : Ankita Mehta, Piyush Kumar*, S Navitha

Volume : 8, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 248-253

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijpo.2021.048



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Abstract

Background: The survival rates of GBM patients have shown improvement. This increases the likelihood of manifesting radiation induced sequelae such as neurocognitive dysfunction, alopecia, and memory loss. This increases the focus on dosimetry of hippocampus, scalp, and normal brain. The present study was designed to compare the dosimetric efficacy of two conformal techniques in terms of OAR’s sparing and PTV coverage.
Materials and Methods: A total of 10 patients with GBM who had received radical radiotherapy by 3DCRT technique were selected. A corresponding IMRT plan was generated for study purpose (n=20 plans). The dose prescribed to the PTV was 60 Gy in 30 fractions. Other than critical structures, additional delineation of hippocampus, normal brain and skin was done. The dosimetric parameters of PTV and OAR’s were compared amongst the two techniques.
Results: The IMRT technique led to significant advantage in PTV coverage, dose homogeneity and conformity. A clear advantage with either technique could not be demonstrated in terms of point dose of critical structures. The normal brain and scalp showed significant reduction in doses with IMRT technique.
The contralateral Hippocampal avoidance Zone also showed better sparing with IMRT technique but significant difference could not be demonstrated.
Conclusion: The better coverage with IMRT technique was particularly observed in cases where PTV was overlapping with critical OAR’S while in rest of the cases coverage was comparable amongst both the techniques. The better sparing of scalp and normal brain may decrease the incidence of alopecia, neurocognitive dysfunction that needs to be clinically validated in future studies.

Keywords: GBM, 3DCRT, IMRT.


How to cite : Mehta A , Kumar P , Navitha S , Alopecia and neurocognitive dysfunction in Glioblastoma multiforme patients- Prevention feasibillity by dosimetric analysis in conformal radiotherapy techniques. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2021;8(2):248-253


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 09-03-2021

Accepted : 13-04-2021

Available online : 19-05-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijpo.2021.048


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