Spectrum of round cell tumors in North -Western region of India


Original Article

Author Details : Aarti Mittal*, Arpita Jindal, Jayesh Saha

Volume : 8, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 218-224

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijpo.2021.043



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Abstract

Introduction: Round cell tumors are poorly differentiated tumors. Immunohistochemistry is a useful and cost effective approach for differentiation of Malignant round cell tumors. NonHodgkin’s Lymphoma and Ewing Sarcoma are most commonly encountered tumors among them.
Aim: (1) For categorization of round cell tumors. (2) To Study the occurrence and distribution of tumors in different age groups.
Materials and Methods: We studied 141 cases over a period of one year (January 2017 to December 2017). Formalin fixed, paraffin embedded sections of tumors diagnosed on small biopsies as well as resected specimens were taken. Immunohistochemistry was done on cases which were reported as malignant round cell tumors on routine HPE.
Results: Non Hodgkins lymphoma was the commonest among these small round cell tumors comprising 51.77% (73 cases). The next most common tumor was Ewing’s Sarcoma/PNET which had 28 (19.86%) cases. Other were small cell carcinoma of Lung (9.93%), Neuroblastoma, (4.26%) Medulloblastoma (3.54%), Rhabdomysarcoma (2.84%) and Wilm’s tumors (2.84%). We found 18 cases of Neuroendocrine tumors of GIT in which two cases were small cell variant of neuroendocrine carcinoma of GIT (1.42%).
Conclusion: Clinical details, morphology and Immunohistochemistry play a vital role in differentiating malignant round cell tumors.

Keywords: Round cell tumors, Immunohistochemistry.


How to cite : Mittal A , Jindal A , Saha J , Spectrum of round cell tumors in North -Western region of India. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2021;8(2):218-224


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 10-12-2020

Accepted : 12-02-2021

Available online : 19-05-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijpo.2021.043


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