Role of MUM-1 immunohistochemistry in prognosis of primary gastrointestinal diffuse large cell lymphoma


Original Article

Author Details : Pawan Nikhra, Kavita Gupta*, Prachi Gupta, Preeti Agrawal

Volume : 8, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 75-78

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijpo.2021.016



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Abstract

Background: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of primary gastrointestinal lymphomas. It is a clinically heterogenous disease as most patients respond well to therapy, however a significant proportion of these patients become refractory or eventually relapse. Different prognostic factors for response and survival have been described for DLBCL. Immunophenotypic algorithms with small panels of biomarkers have been developed to translate the robust information from
molecular studies into a routine clinical. platform. One of these biomarkers is MUM-1 which is used as a marker for classification of diffuse large B cell lymphoma into ABC type and its expression is associated with poorer overall survival as stated by
various studies. We aim to study the expression pattern of MUM-1 IHC in primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B cell lymphomas and its role in prognosis and survival outcome.
Materials and Methods: It was a five-year retrospective study where 40 cases of primary gastrointestinal DLBCL were identified, and MUM-1 IHC was done in 29 cases. Follow up and subsequent survival analysis was done.
Results: MUM-1 was positive in 7 (24%) and negative in 22 (76%) cases of primary gastrointestinal DLBCL. The overall survival of patients with DLBCL with MUM-1 [removed]42.9%) was shorter than those without MUM-1 [removed]72.7%). This suggested that MUM-1 expression in cases with DLBCL is associated with poorer prognosis.
Conclusion: Multicentre large studies are warranted to study the role of MUM-1 IHC in prognosis of primary gastrointestinal DLBCL.

Keywords: Activated B cell type, Gastrointestinal lymphoma, Gene expression profiling, Germinal centre B-cell, Immunohistochemistry.


How to cite : Nikhra P , Gupta K , Gupta P , Agrawal P , Role of MUM-1 immunohistochemistry in prognosis of primary gastrointestinal diffuse large cell lymphoma. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2021;8(1):75-78


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 26-11-2020

Accepted : 01-12-2020

Available online : 20-02-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijpo.2021.016


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