Histopathological study of ovarian tumours in a tertiary healthcare centre of southern Rajasthan

Original Article

Author Details : Pranshu Sharma, Pranveer Singh Rao*, Narendra Mogra, Khushbu Talreja

Volume : 7, Issue : 4, Year : 2020

Article Page : 561-566


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Aims and Objectives: Ovarian tumors are an increasing cause for morbidity and mortality worldwide.
The present study was conducted in a tertiary healthcare centre of southern Rajasthan to determine the
incidence of various histological and morphological variants of ovarian tumour, their clinical presentation
and age distribution.
Material and Methods: The study was performed in two tertiary healthcare centre of southern Rajasthan
and included 130 specimens of ovary received in the pathology department of two centers. The specimens
were subjected to critical gross as well as histopathological study. Routine paraffin sections with H &
E staining were seen. The clinical as well as histological findings were compiled on proforma and then
subjected to analysis.
Results: Total 130 patients were included in the study with the age range from 10 years to 90 years.
Maximum patients were from age group 41-50 years (24.61%). In the present study, abdominal pain
(46.1%) was the most common presenting complaint followed by mass per abdomen with irregular periods
(10.7%). Majority of the ovarian tumours belonged to benign tumours (66.92%) followed by malignant
tumours (28.46%). As perWHOclassification, surface epithelium tumours were found to be the commonest
variety (76.12%), followed by Germ cell tumour (18.46%). Three cases of metastatic tumours to ovaries
were also diagnosed in the present study. Among the various known subtypes of ovarian tumours, serous
cystadenoma (30.77%) was found to be the most common subtype followed by benign cystic teratoma
(16.92%) and then serous cystadenocarcinoma (13.85%).
Conclusion: Benign ovarian tumours are more common than malignant or borderline tumours. Among the
histopathological subtypes of ovarian tumours, surface epithelial tumours are the commonest type followed
by germ cell tumours. Differentiation between benign and malignant tumours is important to assure proper
management and recovery. Similar studies with greater sample size are advisable in future.

Keywords: Ovarian tumors, Germ cell, Borderline, Teratoma, Serous, Mucinous.

How to cite : Sharma P , Rao P S, Mogra N , Talreja K , Histopathological study of ovarian tumours in a tertiary healthcare centre of southern Rajasthan. Indian J Pathol Oncol 2020;7(4):561-566

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Pathol Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)

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